Cuba Travel Guide

from Travel Insurance Direct
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Cuba is the largest island in the Antilles and part of an archipelago which also contains approx 4,000 small keys and islets. The island is located between the Caribbean Sea and the N. Atlantic ocean , at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico with the Bahamas and Florida to the north and Jamaica and Haiti to the south.


It is a long, narrow island and mostly flat, containing plains but with four important mountain ranges. It is a communist state and the official language spoken is Spanish although most Cubans can speak some English. Its main industries are tourism and sugar cane, along with rum, tobacco, coffee, fruit, fishing and mining.


Cuba as a Republic consists of fourteen provinces. It is slowly regaining some normality following the American boycott. It is a wonderful part of the world, and one of the least commercialized islands in the Caribbean , offering world-class beaches and many cultural interests. There are miles of idyllic palm-fringed white sandy beaches with warm clear waters. The waters also contain some of the best coral reefs to be found anywhere. There are great beaches everywhere, though the beaches in the north are reputed to be a little better than in the south. Varadero is a big beach town and the peninsula is home to lots of resorts with fantastic beaches and water sports.


For those seeking an active visit, there are activities like SCUBA diving, fishing, sailing, horse riding, golf, and bird watching.

The islands indigenous fauna and flora are protected and some areas are also official reserves. The people are very warm and friendly and still getting used to increasing visits by tourists. Cuba was home to Ernest Hemingway for over twenty years and he based his book The Old Man and the Sea on a fishing village there.


For nightlife, Havana is a must. For those who still enjoy a smoke, a good cigar is also a must, maybe accompanied by a glass of potent rum. The old 50s and 60s classic American cars are a typical sight. There are concerts and ballets, as well as good restaurants and many interesting historical and architectural places to visit. Havana is also an important cultural centre with lots of theatres, galleries.


The best way to get around is by rental car. The roads are mainly good and easy to drive, though not exactly what you might be used to. There is some access to buses and trains and other public transport. The buses and clean and reliable, but check on travel times as it might be preferable to fly. If you stay in a hotel or resort you can get around by taxi, horse buggy or small motorized vehicle.


Climate / Weather
The climate on Cuba is mostly subtropical, sunny and warm and moderated by trade winds. It has approx. 330 days of sun a year. The rainy season is approx. May-Oct. The average temperature for Cuba is 25C. The terrain can range from tropical rainforest to arid/desert areas. In general you can expect the sort of weather you’d find in Florida .



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We strongly advise a visit to the FCO website for updated travel information and general travel advice before you book and pay for any travel.