Trinidad & Tobago Travel Guide

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Trinidad & Tobago


The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is located at the most southern region of the West Indies, between the Caribbean Sea and N. Atlantic Ocean, with Venezuela lying just to the north east.


The island of Trinidad is the larger of the two and the terrain is fairly flat except for mountainous areas to the north part of the country. Tobago ’s terrain consists of mainly of lush forest areas with heavy vegetation. The islands are known as “T&T” by locals.


The first inhabitants of the islands were the Arawak and Carib Indians. Trinidad was discovered by the Spanish in 1598. The British colonized Tobago in 1645 and in 1797 also took over Trinidad . The economy was heavily reliant at that time on its cocoa and sugar plantations. Slavery was abolished in 1834. In 1889 Trinidad and Tobago became a single colony. The islands remained under British control until independence was gained in 1962. The islands’ economy is driven by oil and natural gas production, but there is still a degree of poverty.


The locals are known as Trinidadians or Tobagonians and are a mixture of blacks, E. Indians, some whites, Chinese, and others. The dominant religion is Catholic, with some Hindu, Anglican, Protestant, Muslim and others. The official language is English but Hindi, Spanish and French are also spoken.


The two islands offer some of the best destinations for tourism anywhere, and they are each quite different. Trinidad is known for its party atmosphere, with steel drums, calypso music and good nightlife. The capital, Port of Spain , has plenty to offer night owls with casinos, discotheques, nightclubs and restaurants. For those wishing for an active party-based holiday, a visit during the Carnival or one of the other festivals is a must, as the locals and tourists on both islands celebrate for many days. There is a large variety of cuisine available, and vegetarians are also well-catered for because of the large local population of Hindus and Rastafarians.


Tobago is rather more low-key but with an emphasis on its outdoor attractions and activities such as scuba diving, water sports, snorkeling, and its many gorgeous beaches.


Due to the islands’ lovely tropical climate and the mass of flora and fauna, they have come to be known as a paradise for nature lovers and bird watchers. There are many species of wildlife, including monkeys and leatherback turtles. There is a diverse range of landscapes, ranging from forest to mangrove swamps, waterfalls and miles of pristine beaches.


Among the many tourist attractions are Argyle Falls on Tobago , which boast waterfalls of 600’. At Grande Riviere on Trinidad ’s NE coastal area is a lovely beach area for swimming, and this is the place to view the leatherback turtles which lay their eggs on the beach every year. The Asa Wright Nature Centre is an old coffee and cocoa plantation which has been converted to a nature reserve. It is approx. two hours’ drive from the capital, Port of Spain and is a popular spot with naturalists and bird watchers with many rare species to be seen.


For those wishing to travel between the two islands there is a ferry service operating or the trip can be made by air. On the islands it is popular to rent a car to go exploring. There are also bus services and plenty of taxis.


Climate / Weather
The climate for Trinidad and Tobago is tropical all year round. The dry season is generally from Jan-Apr, and the rainy season May-Dec. The rainy season tends to be very humid. The average daily max. temps. are 85F for Trinidad , with average low of 74F. The temperature is slightly less hot in Tobago .



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