Finland Travel Guide


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Finland

See Also: Ski Finland

With a total area of 338,000 square kilometres, Finland is the fifth largest country in Europe and is also one of the most northerly countries in the world: one quarter of its total area lies north of the Arctic Circle.

 

The distance between the northernmost and southernmost points is 1,160 km. Relative to its size, Finland has more lakes than any other country.

 

The country has land frontiers with Russia (1,269 km), Norway (716km) and Sweden (586km), and a coastline of approximately 1,100km.

 

Finland has a clear Nordic identity, but offers the best of both East and West. Its unspoilt natural environment is the perfect setting for all kinds of activity, whether you are seeking excitement or relaxation. Finland has a vibrant cultural life, with a busy calendar of festivals and events to suit every taste. Also, Finnish congress, conference and incentive travel services are acclaimed throughout the world.


One notable effect of Finland's northerly position on the globe is that the four seasons of the year are clearly distinct from one another. The climate is marked by cold winters and warm summers. The mean annual temperature in the capital, Helsinki, is 5.3 degrees Celsius. The highest daytime temperature in southern Finland during the summer occasionally rises to almost 30 degrees. During the winter months, particularly in January and February, temperatures of minus 20 Celsius are not uncommon. In the far north, beyond the Arctic Circle, the sun does not set for about 73 days, producing the white nights of summer. In the same region, during the winter period, the sun remains below the horizon for 51 days, creating the polar night known in Finnish as kaamos.


Traffic drives on the right in Finland and most traffic signs are similar to those used elsewhere on the European continent. Every foreigner bringing a motor vehicle into Finland must have a driving licence and a clearly visible sign attached to the vehicle showing the nationality. An international driving licence is not required. To facilitate proceedings in case of an accident, it is recommended motorists carry with them the international insurance card ("green card") although it is not officially required of motorists from the U.K.

 

European Health Insurance Card

 

Visitors with a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) are entitled to free emergency medical care, but this should never be used in place of comprehensive travel insurance.  For example, the EHIC does not cover travel problems such as lost or stolen luggage or property, cancellation and curtailment, and expensive matters like personal liability, legal costs, ongoing or non-urgent medical care, air ambulance and medical repatriation.

 

 



 

Disclaimer: While we have tried to ensure the information in this Travel Guide is correct we do not accept responsibility for any inaccuracy or the content of external links.

Inclusion in this Travel Guide does not guarantee travel insurance is available in any country at any given time. Travel Insurance is not available in countries where the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has issued an advisory against travel.

We strongly advise a visit to the FCO website for updated travel information and general travel advice before you book and pay for any travel.