Paraguay Travel Guide

from Travel Insurance Direct
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The Republic of Paraguay is located in south-central South America , NE of Argentina . It is totally landlocked, between Bolivia, Brazil and Argentina. The country is divided by the Paraguay river.


The eastern side of the country, known as the Paranena region, Paraguay Oriental or Paraguay proper, and is well populated on the fertile areas between the Parana and Paraguay rivers where the climate is more predictable. The western part of the country, known as Gran Chaco or Paraguay Occidental, is more sparsely populated and mainly jungle, marshes and lagoons.


In pre-Columbian civilization, Indians who spoke Guarani were the first inhabitants of Paraguay and they were notorious for their warrior traditions. In 1811 Paraguay became a republic after resisting Spanish rule and has had a difficult political history, with successive dictators during the first few decades of independence.

Most of the population is comprised of Mestizo. The dominant religion is Roman Catholic, with Mennonites and others. The official languages are Spanish and Guarani.


The capital city, Asunción, is located on the eastern side of the Paraguay River on the Bay of Asuncion and is the country’s main administrative centre. The city has Spanish colonial influence with its architecture, plazas and recreation areas. There is a zoo, a golf course, museum and Botanical Gardens.


From Asunción visitors can take tours to the many beautiful waterfalls, including the Salto Crystal Falls and Iguazu Falls , or river trips. The resort area of San Bernardino is popular with its beaches, camping, and lake shoreline.


A big tourist attraction in Paraguay is the Iguazú Falls on the Paraná river on the Brazil and Argentina border in the NE of the Chaco region. A good place to start out for a visit to the falls is from Cuidad del Este, which is a prospering town. The Monday Falls and Itaipú Dam with its hydroelectric plant are also close by. This area provides a number of activities for tourists, such as water sports, fishing and sailing.


The Chaco region of the country is not very highly populated. However, some Mennonite communities live in this area. The Chaco area is also the location for many wildlife and national parks. For adventurous nature lovers there are many species of flora and fauna to be seen as well as great photographic opportunities.

There are many Jesuit missions remaining in Paraguay, left over from the conversion of many native people during the 1600s. Many of these missions are now World Heritage Sites.



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